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Essential metals profile of the hair and nails of patients with laryngeal cancer

Golasik, Magdalena; Przybyłowicz, Agnieszka; Woźniak, Anna; Herman, Małgorzata; Gawęcki, Wojciech; Golusiński, Wojciech; Walas, Stanisław; Krejpcio, Zbigniew; Szyfter, Krzysztof; Florek, Ewa; Piekoszewski, Wojciech

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PMID: 26004894


Trace elements have an impact on numerous physiological processes. The monitoring of their levels in the organism allows you to detect not only their deficiencies, but also several illnesses. The aim of this study was to compare the levels of essential elements (calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, iron, manganese) in hair, nails and serum of both patients with laryngeal cancer and healthy people. The determination of six metals was performed by an inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and an inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The concentration of essential elements in hair and nails of the control group was statistically significantly higher than in the group of patients with laryngeal cancer. In the case of serum, differences were found between the patients and controls in respect of the level of three metals. The results of principal component analysis (PCA) revealed the strong and similar clustering behavior of essential elements in hair and nails. The metals did not correlate between two alternative materials. The present study indicated that, using the level of essential elements in hair and nails as a basis, it is possible to distinguish cancer patients from healthy people. The alternative materials are independent of homeostasis and therefore seem to be more useful in the detection of diseases and mineral deficiencies in human than the classical biological materials, such as blood.

Automatic Tags

Female; Humans; Male; Adult; Young Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Case-Control Studies; Trace Elements; Poland; Trace elements; Serum; Hair; ICP; Laryngeal cancer; Laryngeal Neoplasms; Metals; Nails

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