June 1, 1650
The Archbishop of Armagh, James Ussher, calculates the act of Creation to have occurred in 4004 B.C based on numerology in the Old Testament. This calculation would be believed for 200 years until evolution and geology started to push back.
For almost two millennia the Judeo-Christian story of
the Creation was taken for granted throughout the
Western world. With no good reason to doubt it,
the teaching of the increasingly powerful Christian
churches that God created man in his own image
was a comfortable one. There was a certain curiosity,
though, about just when this miraculous event had
occurred. James Usher (1581-1656), Archbishop of
Armagh, came up with an answer in 1650, when he
announced, as a result of his calculations based on the
numerology of the Old Testament, that the Creation
had taken place in 4004 B.C.