History List

"The general conclusion is that cancer patients, particularly those with a high level of blood sugar, should be put on a low carbohydrate diet which should contain little or no sugar."

Find Sugar is Fuel for Cancer - Develops Fastest Where Blood Has High Sugar Content - ADVISE DIET LOW IN CARBOHYDRATES

September 3, 1931

Navigator John Davies is quoted as saying about the Inuit "The people are of good stature, well proportioned. They did eat all their meat raw."

The Private Journal of Captain G.F. Lyon, of H.M.S. Hecla

June 1, 1586

"Sugar was offered to many of the grown people, who disliked it very much, and, to our surprise, the young children were equally averse to it. The fatigued and hungry Eskimaux returned to their boats to take their supper, which consisted of lumps of raw flesh and blubber of seals, birds, entrails, &c.; licking their fingers with great zest"

The Private Journal of Captain G.F. Lyon, of H.M.S. Hecla

July 22, 1824

According to Caption Lyon, the Sadlermiut Inuit board the HMS Hecla and devour some beef, but refuse biscuits. "Some slices were cut off and thrown down to them , and these they instantly devoured with great satisfaction ; but they refused to eat the biscuit which was offered at the same time."

The Private Journal of Captain G.F. Lyon, of H.M.S. Hecla

July 21, 1824

The Sadlermiut were "discovered" in the summer of 1824 by the explorer Captain G.F. Lyon of the Royal Navy. 150 years later, a visit to this island found "Ashore were ancient stone houses, man-high cairns, box-like graves built of large flat stones, and everywhere masses of bleached bones of caribou, walrus, bowhead whale, and seal." The Sadlermiut were killed off by infectious diseases by 1902.

Arctic Memories

July 8, 1824

Settle says about the Inuit "Those beastes, flesh, fishes, and fowles, which they kil, they are meate, drinke, apparel, houses....[they] are contented by their hun∣ting, fishing, and fowling, with rawe flesh and warme bloud, to satisfie their gréedie panches, whiche is their onely glorie."

A true reporte of the laste voyage into the west and northwest regions, &c. 1577. worthily atchieued by Capteine Frobisher of the sayde voyage the first finder and generall With a description of the people there inhabiting, and other circumstances notable. Written by Dionyse Settle, one of the companie in the sayde voyage, and seruant to the Right Honourable the Earle of Cumberland.

March 2, 1577

Superb sea-mammal hunters, Thule-culture Inuit pursued and killed everything, from the small ringed seal to the giant bowhead whale, and, according to archaeologist Robert McGhee of the Canadian Museum of Civilization, they had evolved "a technology more complex than that of any other preindustrial society, which allowed not only an economically efficient but also comfortable way of life throughout arctic North America."

Arctic Memories

June 1, 800

Between 1850 and 1885, the Inuit population of coastal arctic Alaska declined by 50 percent. In two generations, the Mackenzie Delta Inuit were reduced from about 1,000, to fewer than 100. Labrador's Inuit numbered about 3,000 in 1750. In 1946, 750 were left.

Arctic Memories

January 3, 1850

"The whale meant food and life and glory, the primal thrill of being, and at that moment nothing else mattered.... We ate the steaming seal meat; drank the fat, scalding broth; and glowed with marvelous warmth."

Arctic Memories - Beginnings

January 2, 1960

When I first went to stay with Inuit, for weeks and often for months, I had misgivings about living on meat alone. It was not what my culture considered a "balanced diet." Yet common sense told me that since the Inuit were healthy I, too, would be healthy if I ate the meat in their fashion, some cooked, some raw. This turned out to be true, and hunger quickly took care of my ingrained cultural aversion to eating raw meat.

Arctic Memories - The Northernmost People - Arctic Meat

June 1, 1975

An article in the New York Times describes the new methods to turn corn fields into sugar calories - which would eventually become High Fructose Corn Syrup.

Sugar from corn fields now used in many foods

March 18, 1928

At the recent meeting of the American Medical association, Dr. Haven Emerson said the average American was eating far too much sugar and other sweet foods, and also far too much bread and cereals and other starchy foods

Too Much Sugar

November 2, 1924

Increased consumption of sugar is given as a probable explanation of the increased death rate from diabetes during the last thirty years, in a bulletin issued by the New York City Health Department yesterday.

Diabetes Deaths Rise as Sugar Sales Grow: City Health Department Reports Fatalities Up 50% for Men and 150% for Women in 30 Years.

September 2, 1928

Dr Bundesen warns of the dangers of sugar and starch for decreasing your lifespan and causing diabetes, kidney disease, and heart trouble, however, the Sugar Institute's payments causes him to change his mind and recommend sugar.

Your Health - Herman N. Bundesen MD

November 1, 1927

"Sugar is a great source of heat and energy; it is quickly utilized. That is generally known and conceded. Some people think that it is fattening, but candy is like everything else; it isn't the use of a thing that harms, it is the abuse."

Candy Needed in Daily Diet Says Chicago Health Director

November 18, 1928

It almost feels like the #HAES movement was launched in 1930 by The Sugar Institute when you read the following disturbing passages. "Children are led to believe certain essential foods, necessary to build up strong, healthy bodies, are harmful because rats, fed on pre-arranged diets containing the food in question[sugar], fail to thrive." "Treat candy and other forms of sweets as food" "Medical professionals sanction a reasonable place of carbohydrate in the normal diet"

Good News...! Public interest aroused by the Sugar Institute's Advertising campaign is reflected in the news and editorial columns of the nation's newspapers and magazines.

June 13, 1930

The Sugar Institute's pamphlet describes the ten billion dollar market for sugar in 1930, as well as their usual slogans and where they run their advertisements.

Getting Everybody to help put across the idea that "most foods are more delicious with sugar"....

June 12, 1930

The Sugar Institute boasts in a pamphlet how their marketing to children grew the market while citing "doctors and dietitians approve this use of sugar"

The Millions who read the newspapers learn the truth abouth sugar from these advertisements.

June 11, 1930

"Quacks and pseudo-scientists charged sugar as the cause of many serious ills.... And so today, instead of having merely subdued a hostile force, The Sugar Institute has enlightened the public and converted many opponents to the proper use of sugar."

Removing Prejudice by Telling the Truth

June 10, 1930

"To avoid monotony in the diet, many foods can be improved by a little sugar. This is especially true of vegetables which often are tasteless." - Advertisement by The Sugar Institute

"Rounded Slimness" Decree of Fashion - Changes in Style Demand Return to Normal Diet

February 5, 1930

Margaret Albrink, Yale: Elevated Triglycerides (TG) - not cholesterol - were associated with increased risk of heart disease. Low-fat, high-carb diets raised TG. Albrink: Ancel Keys' supporters attacked me, "They were so angry!"


March 1, 1961

The Sugar Institute uses a famous doctor to push fears about losing weight. "The craze for thinness is an attempt to modify the process of nature." It's almost amazing to hear the same arguments today. "In reducing, decrease the quantity of all foods, but enjoy variety."

Reducing may ruin good looks - Extreme dieting is also dangerous to health

January 6, 1930

Sickening Big Sugar Propaganda says that "as a matter of fact, sugar is an essential in the diet." It then mentions that dietitians use sugar combined with vegetables to enhance the taste and healthfulness.

Too many of our meals are lacking...Lacking in what?

January 4, 1930

"Medical men have made many experiments with workers and sugar foods in mid-afternoon and have
found the results most satisfactory. The "athelete's cocktail"-- is most invigorating."

Vitality is Low Among Workers at Four O'Clock - Fatigue During This Zero Hour Can be Overcome by Sugar

January 3, 1930

The Sugar Institute pushes a lie that "The "dead tired" feeling can be avoided by eating or drinking a wholesome sweet food such as a soda fountain beverage, ice cream, candy, or sweet cakes. These are quickly digested and the energy in the sugar is quickly available to renew vigor."

It's very easy to catch cold when you are tired out - Before going home from work eat or drink something sweet and see how this nourishment "picks you up"

January 2, 1930

The Sugar Institute makes sugar sound like the best thing since sliced bread. "The only safe rule for a healthful diet is to eat as large a variety of foods as possbile, including healthful cereals, fruits and vegetables made appetizing to the taste by the judicious use of sugar."

Sugar Makes Eating a Joy - Why eat unflavored, unappetizing foods?

March 26, 1929

The Sugar Institute recommends adding sugar to lamb chops or vegetables with the justification that "Doctors approve the use of sugar as a flavor on these essential foods because it arouses the appetite to eat more of them. Good food promotes good health."

New Way to Prepare Lamb Chops - Addition of Novel Seasoning Improves their Flavor

April 8, 1930

The Sugar Institute recommends adding sugar to get children to like vegetables such as carrots or spinach.

Show the children how to like vegetables - The appetizing wonder of a dash of sugar added to the water while cooking

June 7, 1929

The Sugar Institute claims that sugar is healthful and a "staple fuel for keeping the human body active"

Five reasons for sugar in the diet - Scientist talks about this healthful food

October 4, 1929

The Sugar Industry pushes out myths about sugar. "A hint to women(and men, too) who want to be thinner. Contrary to the old superstition, candy has no unique fat-producing qualities. Such authorites even suggest the use of candy in a slenderizing diet."

Do you eat enough candy?

January 5, 1928

A flood of supply in the sugar industry causes advertisements to eat more to appear, deceptively leading many to early deaths from chronic disease.

TOO MUCH SUGAR FOR THE WORLD TO EAT; Once It Was a Table Luxury, Now an Effort Is Made to Dam the Vast Source of Supply

April 8, 1928

Sir George Reresby Sitwell, 4th Baronet, lived on an exclusive diet of roasted chicken according to a 2009 book.

Curing Hiccups with Small Fires: A Delightful Miscellany of Great British Eccentrics

January 27, 1860

"On the 8th the sargento mayor came back from the land of the buffalo. He brought quantities of meat, fat, and tallow, although he was unable to bring any live animals. There were infinite numbers of them. Their hide is very wooly and thick."

Record of the Marches by the Army, New Spain to New Mexico, 1596-98

November 8, 1598

Although the book doesn't implicate meat in causing disease "in many cases meat has a place in the treatment of the very diseases which it was once said to cause.", it does introduce an error whereby indigestible cellulose needs to be eaten in order to enhance bulk of the stool. "Meat, since it is so completely digested, furnishes very little of the bulk necessary to regulate body functions."

Ten Lessons on Meat - For Use in Schools

January 17, 1933

"Pellagra is a disease which occurs in areas where the diet is lacking in fresh meats, milk, eggs, and leafy vegetables."

Ten Lessons on Meat - for use in schools

January 16, 1933

"Whipple's work showed that an animal makes good its losses after a severe hemorrhage much more rapidly if given an abundance of meat, and more recent observations have demonstrated the great value of liver in this respect. The application of these findings to the ordinary anemias of adult life and growing children should be apparent."

Ten Lessons on Meat - For use in schools

January 16, 1933

"At the beginning of the second year small servings of tender meat—beef, chicken, lamb, or liver, boiled, broiled, or roasted, and finely minced should be given at least three times a week. By the time the child is eighteen months old he may have meat or fish every day."

Ten Lessons on Meat for use in School

January 15, 1933

"Other things being equal, the patient should be allowed to eat the food which in largest measure allays his hunger and which gives him the greatest degree of satisfaction. Meat has the highest satiety value of all foods; it 'sticks to the ribs' longest."

Ten Lessons on Meat - For use in Schools

January 14, 1933

"The diet which is strictly vegetarian will practically always be of relatively low protein content. The addition of even small amounts of meat, even of the muscle variety, will be very valuable when such a regimen is adhered to."

Ten Lessons on Meat - For use in schools

January 12, 1933

"It seems fair, then, to conclude that the earlier estimates of man's protein needs were approximately correct, and that to enjoy sustained vigor and to experience his normal expectancy, man must eat a liberal quantity of good protein. By good is meant proteins of protein mixtures which are of high biologic value, in which the proteins of meat or milk, preferably both, find first place."

Ten Lessons on Meat - For Use in Schools

January 11, 1933

Meat is one of the most important foods. It is usually the item around which the balanced meal is built. In studying the composition and the chemical constituents of meat, the role it plays in the diet will be understood.

Ten Lessons on Meat for Use in Schools

January 10, 1933

A Kentucky hunter tells stories about the carnivore diet he survived on while hunting buffalo, just a few years after the foundation of the United States. "They always relied upon the forest for a supply of food - buffalo, bear, dear, elk & turkey. Stewed bear's liver, or roasted bear's kidney, made a good substitute for bread."

Recollections on Hunting in Kentucky, 1790-1791 by Hugh Bell

June 10, 1790

A large hunt in the spring and another one in the fall kept the people alive, and choosing the right people could decide weather the tribe lives or dies. This spring hunt would be the most important in their lifetime as the starving time (winter) had come early and many in the tribe were ill or weak from lack of food

It's a Great Day to Hunt Buffalo

January 3, 1800

THE Natives of this Stoney Region subsist wholly by the chase and by fishing, the country produces no vegetables but berries on which they can live. The flesh of a Moose in good condition, contains more nourishment than that of any other Deer; five pounds of this meat being held to be equal in nourishment to seven pounds of any other meat even of the Bison, but for this, it must be killed where it is quietly feeding; when run by Men, Dogs, or Wolves for any distance, it's flesh is altogether changed.

David Thompson's narrative of his explorations in western America, 1784-1812 / edited by J.B. Tyrrell - Chapter 5

June 11, 1792

In the interior where the climate is not so severe, and hunting more successful, the Men attain to the stature of six feet; well proportioned, the face more oval, and the features good, giving them a manly appearance; the skin soft and smooth. They bear cold and exposure to the weather better than we do and the natural heat of their bodies is greater than ours, probably from living wholly on animal food.

David Thompson's narrative of his explorations in western America, 1784-1812 / edited by J.B. Tyrrell

June 10, 1792

David Thompson discussed the presence of fish as a common food source while trapping. "The Trout to attain to a large size, they require to be in extensive deep Lakes. In this region they are from one to twenty pounds. They are as rich as meat."

David Thompson's narrative of his explorations in western America, 1784-1812 / edited by J.B. Tyrrel

January 2, 1790

Aretaeus of Cappadocia (30–90 A.D.) is the second to describe diabetes and uses 'to run through' or 'a siphon' to explain how one urinates unceasingly until death.

Total Dietary Regulation in the Treatment of Diabetes

December 16, 1552

A mountain man who trapped across the plains and Rocky Mountains named Jim Bridger is described. He certainly sounded like an entertaining carnivore and an excellent outdoorsman. "he had been known to kill twenty buffaloes by the same number of consecutive shots. Tall-six feet at least- muscular, without an ounce of superfluous flesh ... he might have served as a model for a sculptor or painter, by which to express the perfection of graceful strength and easy activity."

Trappers and Mountain Men

January 1, 1839

The Yellow Turban Rebellion was initiated by Daoist adepts who proposed an alternative world view to restructure society from the Yellow Heaven. The struggle was not against society per se as much as it was frustration at the loss of an “idealized, primitive agricultural community…or a nostalgia for a prefeudal or Neolithic communal society” -- abstain from food (especially the Five Grains)

Girardot, N.J. 1983. Myth and Meaning in Early Taoism

January 2, 184

Avoiding grains was the primary medical cure for eliminating the sanshi 三尸 “Three Corpses” or sanchong 三蟲 “Three Worms”, which are evil spirits believed to live in the human body and hasten death. If one is to attain long life, the three worms have to be starved, and the only way to do so is to avoid all grain

Kohn, Livia (1993), The Taoist Experience: An Anthology, State University of New York Press. p. 148)

June 10, 300