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Resistance to symptomatic insulin reactions after fasting

Drenick, E. J.; Alvarez, L. C.; Tamasi, G. C.; Brickman, A. S.

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PMID: 5056667 PMCID: PMC332976


This study was carried out to determine if, in fasting, an adaptation to utilization of ketones could prevent cerebral dysfunction during periods of acute, insulin-induced glucopenia. In the course of standard insulin tolerance tests (0.1-0.2 U/kg), nine obese subjects manifested frank hypoglycemic reactions resulting in an increase in urinary catecholamine excretion from 61 to 113 mug/24 hr (P < 0.01). After fasting 2 months, administration of weight-adjusted doses of insulin produced identical maximum insulin concentrations and disappearance curves. However, no insulin reactions nor significant rises in catecholamine excretion occurred despite equal extent and rate of glucose fall. Glucose concentrations as low as 0.5 mmoles/liter (9 mg/100 ml) failed to precipitate hypoglycemic reactions. During the postfast insulin tolerance tests, mean plasma 2-hydroxybutyrate (beta-OHB) decreased from 8.02 to 6.69 mmoles/liter (P

Automatic Tags

Humans; Male; Brain; Time Factors; Fasting; Insulin; Blood Glucose; Fatty Acids, Nonesterified; Kinetics; Hydroxybutyrates; Catecholamines

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