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Fish consumption, erythrocyte fatty acids, and preterm birth

Klebanoff, Mark A.; Harper, Margaret; Lai, Yinglei; Thorp, John; Sorokin, Yoram; Varner, Michael W.; Wapner, Ronald J.; Caritis, Steve N.; Iams, Jay D.; Carpenter, Marshall W.; Peaceman, Alan M.; Mercer, Brian M.; Sciscione, Anthony; Rouse, Dwight J.; Ramin, Susan M.; Anderson, Garland D.; Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network (MFMU)

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PMID: 21508745 PMCID: PMC3754827


OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between fish consumption and erythrocyte omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and preterm birth in a high-risk cohort. METHODS: This was an ancillary study to a randomized trial of omega-3 supplementation to prevent preterm birth in women with at least one previous spontaneous preterm delivery. Dietary fish intake was assessed by questionnaire and erythrocyte fatty acids were measured at enrollment (16-21 completed weeks of gestation). The association between fish consumption and preterm delivery was modeled with linear and quadratic terms. RESULTS: The probability of preterm birth was 48.6% among women eating fish less than once a month and 35.9% among women eating fish more often (P<.001). The adjusted odds ratio for preterm birth among women reporting moderately frequent fish consumption (three servings per week) was 0.60 (95% confidence interval 0.38-0.95), with no further reduction in preterm birth among women who consumed more than three servings of fish per week. Erythrocyte omega-3 levels correlated weakly but significantly with frequency of fish intake (Spearman r=0.22, P<.001); women in the lowest quartile of erythrocyte omega-3 levels were more likely to report consuming less than one fish meal per month (40.3%) than were women in the highest three quartiles (26.3%, P

Automatic Tags

Female; Humans; Adult; Double-Blind Method; Secondary Prevention; Diet; Dietary Supplements; Fatty Acids, Omega-3; Docosahexaenoic Acids; Eicosapentaenoic Acid; Biomarkers; Logistic Models; Pregnancy; Linear Models; Premature Birth; Diet Surveys; Seafood; Erythrocytes

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