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Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic based studies of the metabolism of black tea polyphenols in humans

Daykin, Clare A.; Van Duynhoven, John P. M.; Groenewegen, Anneke; Dachtler, Markus; Van Amelsvoort, Johan M. M.; Mulder, Theo P. J.

Date Published:





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March 9, 2005


PMID: 15740018


Epidemiological studies indicate that a high intake of flavonoids is associated with an improved health status. Tea is one of the most abundant sources of flavonoids in the human diet. The bioavailability and biotransformation of tea flavonoids are, however, not clearly understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the metabolism of black tea via a nonspecific screening method. (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy was used to obtain nonselective profiles of urine samples collected from three human volunteers before and after a single dose of black tea. The complex spectroscopic profiles were interpreted with the use of pattern recognition techniques. Hippuric acid was confirmed as the major urinary black tea metabolite. One previously unknown metabolite was detected and identified as 1,3-dihydroxyphenyl-2-O-sulfate (sulfate conjugate of pyrogallol) using HPLC directly coupled to mass spectrometry and (1)H NMR spectroscopy. This study shows that NMR-pattern recognition studies can be used for the discovery of unknown flavonoid metabolites in humans.

Automatic Tags

Female; Humans; Male; Adult; Diet; Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Kinetics; Flavonoids; Polyphenols; Phenols; Mass Spectrometry; Hippurates; Camellia sinensis; Plant Leaves

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