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Metabolomics in nutritional epidemiology: identifying metabolites associated with diet and quantifying their potential to uncover diet-disease relations in populations

Guertin, Kristin A.; Moore, Steven C.; Sampson, Joshua N.; Huang, Wen-Yi; Xiao, Qian; Stolzenberg-Solomon, Rachael Z.; Sinha, Rashmi; Cross, Amanda J.

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PMID: 24740205 PMCID: PMC4144099


BACKGROUND: Metabolomics is an emerging field with the potential to advance nutritional epidemiology; however, it has not yet been applied to large cohort studies. OBJECTIVES: Our first aim was to identify metabolites that are biomarkers of usual dietary intake. Second, among serum metabolites correlated with diet, we evaluated metabolite reproducibility and required sample sizes to determine the potential for metabolomics in epidemiologic studies. DESIGN: Baseline serum from 502 participants in the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCO) Cancer Screening Trial was analyzed by using ultra-high-performance liquid-phase chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Usual intakes of 36 dietary groups were estimated by using a food-frequency questionnaire. Dietary biomarkers were identified by using partial Pearson's correlations with Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) between samples collected 1 y apart in a subset of 30 individuals were calculated to evaluate intraindividual metabolite variability. RESULTS: We detected 412 known metabolites. Citrus, green vegetables, red meat, shellfish, fish, peanuts, rice, butter, coffee, beer, liquor, total alcohol, and multivitamins were each correlated with at least one metabolite (P

Automatic Tags

Female; Humans; Male; Aged; Middle Aged; Diet; Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid; Feeding Behavior; Biomarkers; Surveys and Questionnaires; Metabolomics; Neoplasms; Nutrition Assessment; Epidemiologic Studies; Reproducibility of Results; Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry; Metabolome

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