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Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies for circulating phylloquinone concentrations

Dashti, Hassan S.; Shea, M. Kyla; Smith, Caren E.; Tanaka, Toshiko; Hruby, Adela; Richardson, Kris; Wang, Thomas J.; Nalls, Mike A.; Guo, Xiuqing; Liu, Yongmei; Yao, Jie; Li, Dalin; Johnson, W. Craig; Benjamin, Emelia J.; Kritchevsky, Stephen B.; Siscovick, David S.; Ordovás, José M.; Booth, Sarah L.

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PMID: 25411281 PMCID: PMC4232014


BACKGROUND: Poor vitamin K status is linked to greater risk of several chronic diseases. Age, sex, and diet are determinants of circulating vitamin K; however, there is still large unexplained interindividual variability in vitamin K status. Although a strong genetic component has been hypothesized, this has yet to be examined by a genome-wide association (GWA) study. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to identify common genetic variants associated with concentrations of circulating phylloquinone, the primary circulating form of vitamin K. DESIGN: We conducted a 2-stage GWA meta-analysis of circulating phylloquinone in 2 populations of European descent from the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology Consortium Nutrition Working Group. Circulating phylloquinone was measured by using reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography. Results from adjusted cohort-specific discovery GWA analyses were meta-analyzed with inverse variance weights (n = 2138). Associations with circulating phylloquinone at P < 1 × 10(-6) were then evaluated in a second-stage analysis consisting of one independent cohort (n = 265). RESULTS: No significant association was observed for circulating phylloquinone at the genome-wide significance level of 5 × 10(-8). However, from the discovery GWA, there were 11 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) associations with circulating phylloquinone at P < 1 × 10(-6), including a functional variant previously associated with warfarin dose and altered phylloquinone metabolism. These SNPs are on 5 independent loci on 11q23.3, 8q24.3, 5q22.3, 2p12, and 19p13.12, and they fall within or near the candidate genes APOA1/C3/A4/A5 cluster (involved in lipoprotein metabolism), COL22A1, CDO1, CTNAA2, and CYP4F2 (a phylloquinone oxidase), respectively. Second-stage analysis in an independent cohort further suggests the association of the 5q22.3 locus with circulating phylloquinone (P

Automatic Tags

Humans; Energy Intake; Observational Studies as Topic; Lipoproteins; European Continental Ancestry Group; Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide; Chromatography, Liquid; CYP4F2; Genetic Loci; Genotyping Techniques; Multigene Family; phylloquinone; Vitamin K 1

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