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Circulating profiling reveals the effect of a polyunsaturated fatty acid-enriched diet on common microRNAs

Ortega, Francisco J.; Cardona-Alvarado, Mónica I.; Mercader, Josep M.; Moreno-Navarrete, José M.; Moreno, María; Sabater, Mònica; Fuentes-Batllevell, Núria; Ramírez-Chávez, Enrique; Ricart, Wifredo; Molina-Torres, Jorge; Pérez-Luque, Elva L.; Fernández-Real, José M.

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PMID: 26092372


BACKGROUND: Consumption of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which are abundant in seafood and nuts, ameliorates components of the metabolic syndrome. Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) have demonstrated to be valuable biomarkers of metabolic diseases. Here, we investigated whether a sustained nuts-enriched diet can lead to changes in circulating miRNAs, in parallel to the dietary modification of fatty acids (FAs). METHODS AND RESULTS: The profile of 192 common miRNAs was assessed (TaqMan low-density arrays) in plasma from 10 healthy women before and after an 8-week trial with a normocaloric diet enriched with PUFAs (30 g/day of almonds and walnuts). The most relevant miRNAs were validated in an extended sample of 30 participants (8 men and 22 women). Adiponectin was measured by immunoassay and FAs by gas liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. The percentage of both ω-3 (P=.01) and ω-6 (P=.029) PUFAs of dietary origin (as inferred from plasma FA concentrations) increased, whereas saturated FAs decreased (P=.0008). Concomitantly with changes in circulating FAs, several miRNAs were modified by treatment, including decreased miR-328, miR-330-3p, miR-221 and miR-125a-5p, and increased miR-192, miR-486-5p, miR-19b, miR-106a, miR-769-5p, miR-130b and miR-18a. Interestingly, miR-106a variations in plasma correlated with changes in PUFAs, while miR-130b (r=0.58, P=.003) and miR-221 (r=0.46, P=.03) reflected changes in C-reactive protein. The dietary modulation of miR-125a-5p mirrored changes in fasting triglycerides (r=-0.44, P=.019) and increased adiponectin (r=0.43, P=.026). CONCLUSION: Dietary FAs (as inferred from plasma FA concentration) are linked to changes in circulating miRNAs, which may be modified by a PUFAs-enriched diet.

Automatic Tags

Female; Humans; Male; Adult; Middle Aged; Triglycerides; Body Mass Index; Diet; Fatty Acids, Omega-3; Dietary Fats, Unsaturated; Biomarkers; Mexico; Adiponectin; Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; Polyunsaturated fatty acids; Sedentary Behavior; LDL cholesterol; Nuts; Fatty Acids, Omega-6; Circulating microRNAs; MicroRNAs; Omega ω-3; Omega ω-6

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