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Obese Mice Fed a Diet Supplemented with Enzyme-Treated Wheat Bran Display Marked Shifts in the Liver Metabolome Concurrent with Altered Gut Bacteria

Kieffer, Dorothy A.; Piccolo, Brian D.; Marco, Maria L.; Eun Bae Kim; Goodson, Michael L.; Keenan, Michael J.; Dunn, Tamara N.; Bach Knudsen, Knud Erik; Adams, Sean H.; Martin, Roy J.; Kim, Eun Bae; Knudsen, Knud Erik Bach

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2016

10/f9f7dk

Abstract:

Background: Enzyme-treated wheat bran (ETWB) contains a fermentable dietary fiber previously shown to decrease liver triglycerides (TGs) and modify the gut microbiome in mice. It is not clear which mechanisms explain how ETWB feeding affects hepatic metabolism, but factors (i.e., xenometabolites) associated with specific microbes may be involved.Objective: The objective of this study was to characterize ETWB-driven shifts in the cecal microbiome and to identify correlates between microbial changes and diet-related differences in liver metabolism in diet-induced obese mice that typically display steatosis.Methods: Five-week-old male C57BL/6J mice fed a 45%-lard-based fat diet supplemented with ETWB (20% wt:wt) or rapidly digestible starch (control) (n = 15/group) for 10 wk were characterized by using a multi-omics approach. Multivariate statistical analysis was used to identify variables that were strong discriminators between the ETWB and control groups.Results: Body weight and liver TGs were decreased by ETWB feeding (by 10% and 25%, respectively; P < 0.001), and an index of liver reactive oxygen species was increased (by 29%; P < 0.01). The cecal microbiome showed an increase in Bacteroidetes (by 42%; P < 0.05) and a decrease in Firmicutes (by 16%; P

Automatic Tags

Male; Diet; Dietary Supplements; Food; Mice; Genes; Adipose Tissue Distribution; Liver -- Metabolism; Obesity -- Metabolism; Gastrointestinal System -- Microbiology; Bacteria -- Classification; Dietary Fiber -- Analysis

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