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Methylation analysis in fatty-acid-related genes reveals their plasticity associated with conjugated linoleic acid and calcium supplementation in adult mice

Chaplin, Alice; Palou, Andreu; Serra, Francisca

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2017-03

10/f9zfq8

PMID: 26700221

Abstract:

PURPOSE: DNA methylation is one of the most extensively studied mechanisms within epigenetics, and it is suggested that diet-induced changes in methylation status could be involved in energy metabolism regulation. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) and calcium supplementation counteract body weight gain, particularly under a high-fat (HF) diet, in adult mice. The aim was to determine whether the modulation of DNA methylation pattern in target genes and tissues could be an underlying mechanism of action. METHODS: Mice (C57BL/6J) were divided into five groups according to diet and treatment: normal fat as the control group (12 % kJ content as fat), HF group (43 % kJ content as fat), HF + CLA (6 mg CLA/day), HF + calcium (12 g/kg of calcium) and HF with both compounds. Gene expression and methylation degree of CpG sites in promoter sequences of genes involved in fatty acid metabolism, including adiponectin (Adipoq), stearoyl-CoA desaturase (Scd1) and fatty acid synthase (Fasn), were determined by bisulphite sequencing in liver and epididymal white adipose tissue. RESULTS: Results showed that the methylation profile of promoters was significantly altered by dietary supplementation in a gene- and tissue-specific manner, whereas only slight changes were observed in the HF group. Furthermore, changes in specific CpG sites were also associated with an overall healthier metabolic profile, in particular for calcium-receiving groups. CONCLUSIONS: Both CLA and calcium were able to modify the methylation pattern of genes involved in energy balance in adulthood, which opens a novel area for increasing efficiency in body weight management strategies.

Automatic Tags

Male; Obesity; Liver; Energy Metabolism; Dietary Supplements; Calcium, Dietary; Diet, High-Fat; Weight Gain; Adiponectin; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Organ Specificity; Epigenesis, Genetic; DNA methylation; DNA Methylation; Promoter Regions, Genetic; RNA, Messenger; Adipose Tissue, White; CpG Islands; Linoleic Acids, Conjugated; Fatty Acid Synthase, Type I; Anti-Obesity Agents; Calcium supplementation; Conjugated linoleic acid; Stearoyl-CoA desaturase; Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase

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