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DNA methylation differences after exposure to prenatal famine are common and timing- and sex-specific

Tobi, Elmar W.; Lumey, L. H.; Talens, Rudolf P.; Kremer, Dennis; Putter, Hein; Stein, Aryeh D.; Slagboom, P. Eline; Heijmans, Bastiaan T.

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November 1, 2009

10/fw4kdc

PMID: 19656776 PMCID: PMC2758137

Abstract:

Prenatal famine in humans has been associated with various later-life consequences, depending on the gestational timing of the insult and the sex of the exposed individual. Epigenetic mechanisms have been proposed to underlie these associations. Indeed, animal studies and our early human data on the imprinted IGF2 locus indicated a link between prenatal nutritional and DNA methylation. However, it remains unclear how common changes in DNA methylation are and whether they are sex- and timing-specific paralleling the later-life consequences of prenatal famine exposure. To this end, we investigated the methylation of 15 loci implicated in growth and metabolic disease in individuals who were prenatally exposed to a war-time famine in 1944-45. Methylation of INSIGF was lower among individuals who were periconceptionally exposed to the famine (n = 60) compared with their unexposed same-sex siblings (P = 2 x 10(-5)), whereas methylation of IL10, LEP, ABCA1, GNASAS and MEG3 was higher (all P

Automatic Tags

Female; Humans; Male; Aged; Sex Factors; Time Factors; Pregnancy; Leptin; Starvation; Siblings; Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects; Proteins; DNA Methylation; Prenatal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena; RNA, Long Noncoding; CpG Islands; Interleukin-10; ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1; ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters; Chromogranins; GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gs

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