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Metabonomics Profiling Reveals Biochemical Pathways Associated with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Broiler Chickens
Shao, F.-J.; Ying, Y.-T.; Tan, X.; Zhang, Q.-Y.; Liao, W.-T.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is the major cause of death in fast growing meat-type chickens (broiler chickens). At present, the underlying mechanisms that give rise to PAH are not fully understood. To identify the metabonomics profiles characterizing the process, we conducted a comprehensive gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based metabolic profiling of lung tissues from PAH broilers and age-matched controls. PAH was induced by excess salt in drinking water. Medial hypertrophy of pulmonary arteries was present in PAH birds as compared with controls. The metabonomics profiles of lung tissues well distinguished PAH broilers from control subjects. Significant changes in the levels of 41 metabolites were detected in PAH vs normal birds. Aside from the metabolic alterations indicating a status of oxidative stress and inflammation, evidence of reduced cellular uptake of arginine due to increased lysine biosynthesis and of a shift of arginine metabolism to arginase pathway were observed. In addition, PAH birds showed increased biosynthesis of fatty acids, which may be associated with excessive proliferation of vascular cells during pulmonary vascular remodeling. Furthermore, we observed significant changes in pentose phosphate pathway and increased aminomalonic acid in PAH broilers. These results provide additional biochemical insights into the pathogenesis of the PAH. Our data may lead to the development of new strategies to control PAH in broilers. © Copyright 2018 American Chemical Society.
oxidative stress; nitric oxide; broiler chicken; lung; pentose phosphate pathway; pulmonary arterial hypertension
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