November 1, 1878
A summation of the autumn's hunting showed that between two and three hundred deer had been killed, so we felt relieved of all anxiety in regard to a winter's supply of the very best of all Arctic meat.
Encamped for the First Winter
Our canvas tent becoming very uncomfortable, on account of the intense cold, we had a large ice igloo constructed into which we moved on the first of November, and found it decidedly more habitable. The last cold snap commenced to bring in the scattered native hunters to erect their winter quarters and Camp Daly, a la glace began to assume a very lively aspect. A summation of the autumn's hunting showed that between two and three hundred deer had been killed, so we felt relieved of all anxiety in regard to a winter's supply of the very best of all Arctic meat. A plentiful supply of reindeer skins was assured for winter clothing and bedding, and of the very best too, for the skins secured in October are superior to those taken later in the year, the hair being less liable to come out, and not so heavy as to render the clothing impliable. After January the reindeer skins are worthless and are thrown away by the native hunter until about the middle of August, when all of the winter's hair has shed and the short summer coat is then in its prime. From it is made all the native underclothing, or that which is worn with the hair towards the body. For about the middle of September until the first of October the skins are valuable for outside clothing, worn hair-side out, and for bedding and from this later they steadily deteriorate,